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    The Overseas Agricultural Research Center of the Academy of Agricultural Sciences released: the development trend of the global market for pesticides, fertilizers and agricultural machinery

    Chemical fertilizers, pesticides, and agricultural machinery are very important means of production in agricultural production, and have made a huge contribution to providing effective and safe food supply for the world's population. Recently, the Overseas Agricultural Research Center of the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences released a think tank report "Overseas Agricultural Products Market Research (Agricultural Materials)", focusing on the analysis of the supply and demand situation, trade situation, and industry development trends of fertilizers, pesticides, agricultural machinery, etc. from a global perspective The research provides an important reference for the development of modern agriculture in my country and the agro-related enterprises going out...

    Costs and prices have both dropped, and cross-border mergers and acquisitions and reorganization of companies intensify competition
    The think tank report shows that the total global pesticide sales in 2019 was US$65.9 billion, a year-on-year increase of 0.8%. In 2019, the global crop pesticide market sales were US$57.79 billion, a year-on-year increase of 0.4%; the sales of non-crop pesticides were 7.8 billion US dollars. US dollars, an increase of 3.5%. Affected by the low national oil prices, the low prices of major chemicals have reduced the cost of pesticide production. However, due to the weakening of downstream market demand, pesticide manufacturers have to lower their prices and make the cost and price of pesticide products drop.

    The production capacity and output of my country's pesticides have been in the forefront of the world, product quality has been steadily improved, and varieties have continued to increase. A relatively complete industrial system including R&D, production and sales of technical materials has been formed. It is the country with the most complete pesticide industry chain. In recent years, the output of chemical pesticides in my country has declined, falling to 2,253,900 tons in 2019, but the quality of pesticide products has steadily improved, and the variety has continued to increase. my country's pesticide production companies are mainly located in Jiangsu, Shandong, Henan, Hebei, Zhejiang and other provinces. The output value of pesticide industry in these five provinces accounts for more than 60% of the country. There are 28 pesticide companies with pesticide sales revenue of more than 1 billion yuan. The opening of the pesticide market has accelerated the internationalization of domestic pesticide companies. Domestic enterprises are speeding up the development of foreign markets, establishing joint ventures abroad or directly acquiring foreign well-known companies, making China gradually become the world's main production base for pesticide raw materials and preparations. The outstanding difference of the Chinese Pesticide Corps has made China a strong pesticide power alongside Germany and the United States.

    The report analyzes the global pesticide market, and mergers and acquisitions are still the strategic choice and main theme for the future development of pesticide companies. In the post-patent era of global pesticides, competition among agrochemical companies has become more intense, and low-toxicity, environmental protection, and sustainable development are still the development direction of the pesticide industry. my country's pesticide industry will also intensify its integration and continue to develop in the direction of intensification and scale.

    The world's chemical fertilizer supply exceeds demand, and the global demand declines, price fluctuations
    The think tank report shows that the supply and demand of chemical fertilizers in 2019 are approximately 232.31 million tons and 190.50 million tons, an increase of 1.2% and 0.90% year-on-year respectively. In the past five years, the growth rate of fertilizer supply has been higher than that of fertilizer demand, and the trend of oversupply has become more and more obvious.

    The pattern of global fertilizer trade has remained relatively stable. Asia is the core area for nitrogen fertilizer production and consumption, Asia and the Americas are the main battlefields for phosphate fertilizer production and consumption; Europe and the Americas are the main potash fertilizer production areas, and Asia and the Americas are the main potash fertilizer consumption areas. China's consumption of nitrogen, phosphorus and potash fertilizer ranks first. According to relevant data such as the World Bank and the International Fertilizer Industry Association, due to the impact of the new crown pneumonia epidemic, the demand for chemical fertilizers in 2020 is expected to drop by 2.9% compared with 2019. It is predicted that the demand for chemical fertilizers will rebound in 2021, returning to 189 million tons. Among them, it is estimated that nitrogen will increase by 2.2 million tons, and phosphorus and potash fertilizer will increase by about 1.2 million tons and 1 million tons. It is estimated that by 2024, global fertilizer demand is expected to grow at an average annual rate of 0.7%, reaching 197.1 million tons. Nitrogen fertilizer demand is expected to recover faster than phosphate and potash fertilizers. Of course, this depends on whether the new crown pneumonia epidemic can be effectively controlled.

    Due to the decline in global fertilizer demand, potash and urea prices have fallen. Dr. Limin Chuan from the Institute of Agricultural Information and Economics, Beijing Academy of Agriculture and Forestry Sciences, analyzed that the recent factors affecting the changes in fertilizer prices are mainly reflected in changes in supply and demand, upstream raw material costs, agricultural product prices, climate impacts, and manual transportation costs. Fertilizer prices are determined by the market. The supply and demand situation is dominated, and the lack of demand momentum affects price fluctuations.

    Agricultural machinery
    Sales of various agricultural machinery products have declined, and market monopoly of multinational companies has further increased
    A think tank report found that the global agricultural machinery market entered a recession again in 2019. North America, Europe, and Asia, as the world’s three major agricultural machinery markets, have basically stabilized or declined in sales of major agricultural machinery products; the world's agricultural machinery product trade pattern is basically stable, with outstanding characteristics remaining The main agricultural machinery products are highly concentrated in export, the key export countries are developed countries such as Germany and the United States, the import concentration is low, and the distribution of importing countries is relatively scattered. The key direction of industrial support policies in developed countries or regions is to promote the development of precision agriculture, and it is developing National support focuses on accelerating the development of agricultural mechanization, and the pace of industrial development in some emerging countries is gradually accelerating; well-known multinational companies have further accelerated the pace of global market expansion. Although the performance of the business situation is not uniform, the world's five well-known agricultural machinery multinational companies are all facing North America, South America, and Europe. Agricultural machinery markets such as Asia and Asia are constantly adopting new strategies to expand overseas markets. Some companies have begun to accelerate the development of this huge potential market in Africa.

    Associate researcher Zhang Meng of the Nanjing Institute of Agricultural Mechanization of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs analyzed that the global agricultural machinery market is expected to show a downturn in the short term. Whether the global market can recover again depends mainly on the prevention and control situation of the new crown pneumonia epidemic and the release of the development potential of emerging markets represented by the vast number of developing countries. The world's well-known agricultural machinery multinational companies will continue to face potential areas and further expand the overseas agricultural machinery market. Possible forms are mainly mergers and acquisitions of well-known agricultural machinery companies or purchase of equity.

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